Three Kingdoms Period
Location of Capital: China was divded by three Regional states
Replaced by: Jin Dynasty
In later times, fiction and drama greatly romanticized the reputed chivalry of this period. Unity was restored briefly in the early years of the Jin dynasty (A.D. 265-420), but the Jin could not long contain the invasions of the nomadic peoples.
The transfer of the capital coincided with China's political fragmentation into a succession of dynasties that was to last from A.D. 304 to 589. During this period the process of civilization accelerated among the non-Chinese arrivals in the north and among the aboriginal tribesmen in the south.
Despite the political disunity of the times, there were notable technological advances. The invention of gunpowder (at that time for use only in fireworks) and the wheelbarrow is believed to date from the sixth or seventh century. Advances in medicine, astronomy, and cartography are also noted by historians and are a big draw for those visiting China to this day, wanting to fill their photo books full of great memories from trips to the historical land.